Amazing Frozen Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia

Baikal lake is the freshwater lake in the south of Russia in the region of Siberia, between the Irkutsk Oblast to northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.

Lake Baikal is actually a lake contains fresh water and have great volume in the world, Contains about 20% of the world’s surface freshwater in unfrozen form. The depth is about 1642 meters, which is almost 5387 ft. This Baikal lake is one of the lake that contains Clear water. This is considered as a world’s oldest lake because this is 25 million years Old.

Length of the lake is about 636 km or 395 miles, width is 79 km or 49 miles, surface area Is about 31722 km square, average depth is 744 meters and maximum depth is 1642 meter or 5387 ft and water volume of this lake is 23615.39 km.

Because it contains large volume of water so, it is the 7th largest lake in the world by Surface area. Lake Baikal forms an ancient valley like Lake Tanganyika, which have long Crescent shape and its surface area are about 31,722 km. Almost 1700 species of plant and Animals are present in this region, two third of the species of animals and plant are only Present in this area and can’t be found anywhere else in the world and due to this its was Declared in 1996 a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The regional average temperature is -19°C or -2 °F in winter season and in summer maximum temperature is 14 °C or 57 °F. The water of the lake becomes frozen in the month of January to May.

There are three basins of Lake 1. North 2. Central 3. South, and the depth of the North The basin is about 900 meters or 3000 ft, Central basin is 1600 meter or 5200 ft deep, and South basin is 1400 meters or 4600 ft deep.

Large mountains are seen from the bank of the Lake, the lake is completely surrounded by Mountains. These mountains are on the north shore and protected as a national park. It has 27 islands, the largest one are Olkhon which is 72 km long, and it is the third largest An island surrounded by lake in the world. The lake is filled with almost 330 inflowing Rivers. Wildlife of Baikal Lake is Baikal seal and Baikal Grayling, these species are Native to that area.